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|LNG Bunkering Market size is expected to expand over 20% CAGR. Business Articles | October 25 , 2016
LNG Bunkering Market Size, Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook, Application Development Potential, Price Trends , Competitive Market Share & Forecast, 2016 – 2024
LNG Bunkering Market size is expected to expand over 20% CAGR. Stringent government rules and regulation of limiting sulfur emission is anticipated to drive the global LNG Bunkering market.
Natural gas is inflammable, colorless and cleanest as compared to other burning fuel such as coal and crude oil. It is a mixture of hydrocarbon gas predominantly methane and used for electricity generation, refueling vehicle as CNG, as fuel for boilers and air conditioners , for making ammonia, fertilizer and marine fuel as LNG etc. Lack of infrastructure, high initial investment in ships propulsion, dynamic price of LNG, high labor cost associated with the operation will act as a restraint for LNG bunkering Market size in the near terms.
The ability of LNG to reduce emissions of harmful greenhouse gases would act as an opportunity for LNG bunkering Market. Liquefied Natural Gas is obtained by converting natural gas from its gaseous stage to liquefied stage at -161 degree Celsius (atmospheric pressure) so that natural gas is easy to ship and store when pipeline transport is not feasible. By converting natural gas into LNG its volume decreased by 1600 factors. LNG is having higher heating value and lower density i.e. 458-463 Kgm3 (depending on composition) so roughly on a volumetric basis 1.8 times more LNG needs to be bunkered compare to bunkering heavy fuel oil.
The process for loading LNG into fuel tanks is required special handling from loading Heavy fuel oil owing to some different fuel characteristics such as , LNG is a cryogenic liquid and is hazardous when it came into contact with any personnel and piping or conventional steel structure even a small spill of LNG can also cause a serious problem, LNG vapors can form explosive cloud in confined space. To reduce the risk of any property or personnel safety, it is necessary to set up security or safety zone around bunkering operation.
The hull or deck structure, made up of material suitable for cold temperature is constructed in areas where LNG spills or drips may occur. Generally drip trays are used to enclose LNG leakage and prevent damage to the ship’s structure. Cryogenic equipments and pipes thermally insulated from structure of ship are required to construct at bunker station where LNG leaks are most probably to occur. The filling limit of LNG tank is expressed as a percentage of the total tank volume. The maximum filling limit of LNG tank is 98 percent at reference temperature.
Stringent government rules and regulation of limiting sulfur emission, in some countries price of natural gas and LNG has lower heating value basis over heavy marine oil , vessel transition from traditional bunkers to LNG propulsion will boost the demand of LNG Bunker during the forecast period. Global LNG bunkering market size has been segmented into end user and region. The end user includes bulk and general cargo vessels, container vessels, ferries and tankers vessels.
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Article Tags: Bunkering Market Size, Bunkering Market, Market Size , Expand Over
Payment protection insurance policies were introduced by financial services companies to cover the cost of a borrower聮s loan repayment, in the event that they are off sick, injured or made unemployed. Traditionally, these policies are taken out against loan and mortgage repayments as well as credit card debts.
In the last few years, there have been a number of high-profile companies forced to repay vast sums of money to victims of mis-sold payment protection insurance. These people have been able to claim refunds on their payments as they were sold the policies in an unfair way.
There are a few easy steps to find out , firstly, if you have been mis-sold the policy, and secondly, how you can claim the money back. With Britain reportedly preparing for a staggering 拢2 billion worth of claims and with as many as 8 out of 10 claims being mis-sold - it聮s definitely worth investigating if you believe you qualify.
So, how do you know if you were mis-sold payment protection insurance?
There are a few very common cases of mis-selling that would mean you are able to make a claim for a refund. If any of these apply to you, be sure to look into a payment protection insurance refund:
1. If you were told, when taking out a loan, mortgage or credit card, that you would have to take out payment protection insurance to be accepted - you can make a claim.
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But how do I make a claim for my payment protection refund?
Once you have decided that you have been mis-sold your payment protection insurance, it聮s time to make a claim. The first step to making a claim is to write a letter to the company that sold you the policy. If you are unable to reach a resolution, you need to prove that you made every effort to resolve the issue before contacting a financial ombudsman - an independent financial specialist at solving disputes.
Financial services companies are under a legal obligation to respond to your query within five days and resolve your dispute within eight weeks. So if they are not forthcoming with a resolution, put your claim to the financial ombudsman..